To each woman her intimacy. Our Claripharm experts answer your questions about intimacy, menstruation and women’s health. The rules are not a taboo, ask us your intimate questions, we will answer them.

All you need to know about periods and menstrual cycles

That’s it, your period has arrived ! With varying degrees of regularity, pain or fatigue, they are often an indicator of your overall health. For your well-being and health, it is important to know your rules.

Menstrual cycle, how does it work?

The menstrual cycle is a period between the first day of menstruation and the first day of the next period. The menstrual cycle is not just blood, so it doesn’t just span the menstrual period but a longer period. It is important to know and understand your menstrual cycle. It is a major indicator of our health and knowing it well allows us to better understand and manage it.

The cycle may be irregular, but there is often a cause for this. It is generally said that a menstrual cycle lasts 28 days, but this is actually not the norm for most women. The duration of a cycle is rather between 21 and 35 days.

What is the menstrual cycle?

A woman’s life is made up of cycles that break down into 4 phases. Each of these phases is marked by hormonal changes.

1. Periods

Day 1 to 7

This first phase marks the beginning of the menstrual cycle.

During this first phase, the endometrium, the tissue that covers the inner wall of the uterus, thickens. If there is no embryo, the endometrium self-destructs each month and flows with a little blood from the uterus through the vagina: this is the menstrual period.

Menstruation usually lasts from 2 to 7 days. If you have painful periods, they will surely occur during the first few days. Hormones in the body cause the elimination of the endometrium, which is what hurts.

The first period arrives on average at the age of twelve, but this is still an average, they can arrive much earlier or much later without having to worry about it. Some girls will have their first period at 9 years old, others at 13 years old, it’s nature that decides.

One season: winter.

2. Pre-ovulatory phase, also known as the follicular phase.

Day 1 to 14

This phase extends from the first day of menstruation until ovulation.

During this period, the body produces more estrogen and less progesterone. Estrogen will boost your energy.

As a reminder, estrogen is a hormone secreted by the ovary, ensuring the formation, maintenance and functioning of the female genital organs.

Progesterone, on the other hand, is a sex hormone that prepares the uterus for a possible pregnancy. It is secreted by the corpus luteum, the follicle after ovulation in the second part of the menstrual cycle.

The pre-ovulatory phase lasts an average of 14 days. During this phase, cells called follicles present in both ovaries will develop under the action of a molecule. At the same time, the endometrium thickens for possible fertilization.

One season: Spring

3. Ovulation

Day 14 to 17

It is common to hear that ovulation occurs on the 14th day of the cycle but this is only an average, it can vary, generally ovulation does not occur beyond the 17th day. Some women feel slight pain at the time of ovulation, but many feel nothing, there is no sign of ovulation.

In this phase of ovulation, you should feel like in the summer, serene with great energy and self-confidence, ready to face anything. It only lasts a few days, the small days when your uterus will be ready to receive an embryo, this is the best time if you are looking to get pregnant. This is when the egg leaves the ovary and begins to travel to the uterus.

On the 14th day, only one of these follicles matures and ruptures. It will then expel an egg into one of the two fallopian tubes (the uterine tubes that connect each ovary to the uterus). Once emptied, this follicle will then turn into a corpus luteumand we are halfway through the menstrual cycle.

One season: summer

4. Luteal phase

Day 17 to 28

This phase begins after ovulation and ends when menstruation arrives.

The corpus luteum, which we have just talked about, starts to produce a hormone that will act directly on the uterine lining. This will continue to thicken to accommodate a possible future embryo.

Progesterone is in the majority and the drop in estrogen will lead to premenstrual symptoms (=PMS), headaches, loss of energy, small pimples, breast pain, bloating and irritability. That moment when you just want to be in bed watching a movie with a nice hot tea, isn’t it autumn?
It is important to know your cycle, so you will know that during this phase it is time to take care of yourself :).

If the egg is not fertilized by a sperm, the corpus luteum atrophies and the progesterone level drops. Then comes the menstruation …

One season: Autumn

Of course we are all different and do not all react in the same way. Neither are we robots and not all of us are perfectly tuned. Stress, diet, lack of sleep, travelor a change in activity can affect it. But following your cycle will allow you to better understand your body and how the 4 phases of the cycle affect it. So you can keep a small calendar or use an application like Cluewhich is great for tracking your symptoms and calculating your cycle.

50 Shades of Red – The Color of the periods

That’s it, your period has arrived! With varying degrees of regularity, pain or fatigue, they are often an indicator of your overall health. For your well-being and health, it is important to know your periods, their average duration, the amount of blood you lose or their usual color, so that you can react if a change occurs. The explanation may be simple (change of contraception, menopause…), or a sign that something is wrong and should be consulted.

Among the different signs to observe is the color of your periods: you may have noticed that their color varies during your cycle, but does that mean something for your health? Here we explore with you how this happens, and when to react.

It is normal for the color of your rulers to change during your cycle.

Let’s start by recalling the (simple) basics: from adolescence to menopause, the female body is governed by sex hormones that trigger a succession of menstrual cycles whose purpose is simple: to conceive life. With each cycle, the body prepares a cozy little nest in the uterus in case an embryo wants to develop into a fetus. If there is no embryo, the endometrium (= the cozy little nest) self-destructs, and flows with a little blood from the uterus through the vagina: BINGO is menstruation (and you are not pregnant).

The different shades of red that you may observe are generally due to the length of time your period is in contact with oxygen. A bit like when you cut yourself: the blood runs red at first, then reacts and dries on contact with the oxygen in the air (it oxidizes), taking on a dark red or brown color. It is therefore quite normal to observe, during a period of menstruation, different nuances.

Dark red to brown periods

This is usually the color observed during the first day or towards the end of menstruation and is quite usual. This is only a sign that the menstrual blood took a long time to evacuate and therefore oxidized. The endometrium does not disintegrate all at once, it is a slow process to start and stop.

This is also the color you probably see when you use towels. It makes sense: by settling in a towel, menstrual blood has more contact with oxygen than when it is collected in a menstrual cup or absorbed by a tampon.

You can also observe dark red (sometimes black) clots, and again: don’t worry. It is the endometrium that is evacuated and it is normal to observe a few clots during the days when your flow is most abundant.

On the other hand, if these clots are accompanied by pain, irregular, very long and abundant periods, it is possible that they are due to a fibroid. In this case, we recommend that you consult a health care professional. Fibroids are (usually) diagnosed through a simple gynecological examination.

You may notice a few brown drops if you start/change contraception or if you are approaching menopause. This is normal: any hormonal change tends to provoke some losses without seriousness.

Bright red periods

This is when the serious stuff starts and your flow intensifies.

Increased menstrual flow = faster evacuation with less oxidation. Everything is working as planned!

When you started using a menstrual cup, you may have felt that your period was redder than before. It’s normal! Once collected in a menstrual cup, the menstrual blood is in contact with little oxygen and oxidizes less (which also prevents odors).

If you experience bright red spotting between your periods, you should consult a health care professional as there are several possible causes for this unexpected bleeding, including some sexually transmitted infections.

Pink Periods

You have periods like diluted, less abundant and have started training for a marathon? Don’t look further! Intense physical activity can lower your estrogen levels, which decreases your flow and can even stop your periods. This is common among top athletes. It may seem very convenient to have fewer or no periods at all, but low estrogen levels increase the risk of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a disease that affects the bones and makes them more fragile. This is a frequent consequence of menopause, a period of life during which the levels of sex hormones (including estrogen) also decrease. It is therefore important to be accompanied by a doctor if you think your periods have decreased in intensity because of sport, so that you can be monitored over the long term and avoid any deficiency or fracture.

What if you’re not really athletic? Other causes can explain pink periods: sudden weight loss, polycystic ovary syndrome, or the onset of premenopause. In all cases, we advise you to be accompanied by a health professional.

Grey periods or losses

You’re a little past your period, but at any time during your menstrual cycle, if you have a gray or grayish discharge mixed with blood, we advise you to go see a doctor quickly, because it could be a sign of a vaginal bacterial infection or a miscarriage. If you are or think you may be pregnant, consult your doctor as soon as possible.

Vaginal bacterial infections are common in women and many treatments are available. If you know you are predisposed to this type of infection, consider a few simple hygiene measures, such as using an intimate soap with an acidic pH. By using a soap with an acid pH, you preserve your natural intimate flora, an important defense against infections.

Blue Periods

Blue periods?! No no no, that’s only in commercials! Frankly, advertisers, this is the 21st century and we can show red blood. Don’t forget that we see them every month!

As you will have understood, it is completely normal to observe different shades of red during your period. It is especially if you observe traces of blood without explanation between your periods or during pregnancy that you should seek medical advice.

Pay attention to other signs, such as the amount of blood you’re losing (a common practice with Claricup!), the pain that can accompany menstruation and its duration or regularity: an abrupt change can be a sign that it’s time to make an appointment with your doctor. And you will know this over time by listening to your body to better understand it, and this is the best way to ensure your well-being!

First Menstruation – What you need to know about puberty

A woman’s life is made of cycles. During puberty the first menstruation occurs, a sign of the beginning of the fertility cycle. It is a natural phenomenon that will accompany you every month until you are no longer fertile.

But let’s go back to the beginning, to fully understand what’s going on in your body…

First of all, what is puberty?

Puberty, which happens to both boys and girls, is the transition period from childhood to adulthood. It usually starts between the ages of eight and fourteen in girls1. It is an important stage of life where the body changes. In girls, puberty is triggered when the brain starts producing hormones that act on the ovaries (the two sex glands located on either side of the uterus). They then begin to produce sex hormones called estrogen and progesterone. It is these hormones that “trigger” and regulate the menstrual cycle.

What is a menstrual cycle?

The menstrual cycle is the period between the first day of menstruation and the first day of the next period. The menstrual cycle lasts an average of 28 days. It can be broken down into four phases:

The pre-ovulatory phase (also called the follicular phase):

It lasts on average 14 days. During this phase, cells called follicles present in both ovaries will develop under the action of a molecule. At the same time, the lining of the uterus, also known as the endometrium (the outer wall of the uterine cavity) thickens for possible fertilization.

Ovulation

On the 14th day, only one of these follicles matures and ruptures. It will then expel an egg into one of the two fallopian tubes (the uterine tubes that connect each ovary to the uterus). Once emptied, this follicle will then turn into a corpus luteumand we are halfway through the menstrual cycle.

The luteal phase

It lasts on average between 10 and 16 days

The corpus luteum, which we have just talked about, starts to produce a hormone that will act directly on the uterine lining. This will continue to thicken to accommodate a possible future embryo. If the egg is not fertilized by a sperm, the corpus luteum atrophies and the progesterone level drops.

Menstruation

This drop in ovarian hormones causes the thick part of the uterine lining to detach: it drains through the cervix and then through the vagina in the form of “blood”. Yes, those are the periods !

The first period arrives on average at the age of twelve, but this is still an average, they can arrive much earlier or much later without having to worry about it. Some girls will have their first period at 9 years old, others at 13 years old, it’s nature that decides.

As you can see, this cycle lasts about (again, this varies from woman to woman) 28 days. This means that from the moment you have your first period, you will have it (in principle, but there may be exceptions) every 28 days during your life as a fertile woman.

What does the first period look like? What is their quantity? How long do they last?

These are obviously questions we ask ourselves when we have never had our period since it is not always a very easy subject to discuss. It is even sometimes referred to as the “taboo” of periods. Fortunately, more and more people around the world are talking about it publicly and explaining this phenomenon which, after all, is quite natural!

Menstruation lasts an average of two to seven days(again, this is an average) with a more abundant flow at the beginning. The blood is a bright red color at the beginning of menstruation and then, over the course of the days, tends to darken as the flow diminishes. Sometimes there are small clots that mix with the blood: don’t worry, it’s a completely natural phenomenon.

The amount of blood lost during menstruation varies from 20 to 70 ml2. The average is considered to be 50 ml, the equivalent – to help you visualize – of ten teaspoons.

During the first cycles, menstruation is generally less abundant.

To avoid staining your underwear and clothing, there are several solutions that will “capture” the flow of your period and allow you to go to school, go out, play sports, run, jump…with confidence.

Among them is the Mini Claricup (size 0), developed by the Claripharm laboratories, which is specially adapted for first periods and light flows. It is a small flexible cup that is inserted into the vagina and collects the flow. Made of antimicrobial silicone, it is proposed with its disinfection box. It is a protection that is both very secure and easy to insert: it doesn’t move once installed and allows you to play sports in complete safety, for example.

You can also use sanitary napkins. The pad is an absorbent external protection that is placed directly on the panties. It exists in different sizes, adapted to the volume of the periods.

1 – Figures from Inserm (National Institute for Health and Research)

2- Source Larousse Medical.

Abundant periods: causes and solutions

Today 30% of women consider that they have heavy periods.
The scientific community considers menstruation to be too abundant compared to normal when you lose more than 80ml of flow per cycle, (or if menstruation lasts more than 7 days) which is equivalent to 6 tablespoons. Admittedly, it is not simple to measure the amount of blood lost with a tablespoon … Measuring the amount of blood lost with a cup remains much simpler!

To help you quantify your flow :

  • Users of menstrual cups :

If you use a menstrual cup, it will be very easy to know how many ml of menstrual periods you lose because we indicate the capacity of our menstrual cups.
Claricup T0 has a capacity of 13.5 ml, Claricup T1 has a capacity of 20.2 ml, Claricup T2 has a capacity of 29.5 ml and Claricup T3 has a capacity of 36ml. So all you have to do is find out how many times you empty it per day, see roughly how full your cup is and do the calculation on your cycle.

  • Users of tampons or towels :

If you use super absorbent tampons or pads that you change every hour or every 2 hours, you have a very abundant flow. Sometimes, some women place 2 tampons at the same time (yes you read correctly), which is of course contraindicated. In this case too, we can speak of a very abundant flow.

Causes

The abundance of your periods varies over the course of a cycle, as does the color of your period, which is normal. Just as it is normal to observe variations in flow according to individuals, age, or different periods in a life, such as :

  • The first periods,
  • After the insertion of a copper IUD,
  • In Pre-Menopause,
  • In Post-Childbirth,

But also when following a certain diet, exercising, or taking hormonal contraceptives.

As you may have noticed, it’s a matter of hormones in many cases ! These are progesterone and estrogen.
Estrogen gives the physical female characteristics and orchestrates the menstrual cycle. Although estrogen acts mainly on the breasts and uterus, it also acts on the brain (effect on mood) and the heart (protection of the cardiovascular system).

A high level of estrogen will cause an increase in menstrual flow.

In the same way, a low progesterone level will imply the development of estrogens which will be more dominant.

We told you about the first periods earlier. Yes because puberty leads to a consequent hormonal upheaval. This is when the body is transformed to become capable of procreation. During this upheaval, the hormones try to regulate themselves but it is the estrogen level that is the highest, the first periods can then be quite abundant. However, this only lasts for a while. Eventually, the hormones are balanced, and everything is back to normal.

The same applies to the post-partum period. A woman’s body after birth has undergone many changes, we are talking about it here and there. The lochies occur, then the “real” periods come back. These may be different from the rules we have known before. Include: Niagara Falls. (By the time the hormones are regulated after childbirth, some women have thyroid dysfunction).

After the insertion of an IUD, it’s different: a copper IUD causes a change in the endometrium, the mucous membrane that detaches at the end of each menstrual cycle (which triggers menstruation). This modification of the endometrium prevents the development of an embryo (this is the contraceptive effect) but also prevents heavier periods than before the IUD was inserted (this is the KissCool effect). This is one of the reasons why many women become cup users. Just in case you’re wondering, There are no contraindications to wearing a cup and IUD. We explain why here.

Pre-menopause: It is again the great upheaval of hormones.
The production of progesterone is less due to a more random ovulation, while the secretion of estrogen is still satisfactory, menstruation can therefore be very abundant. But they can also disappear, reappear, become weaker… It is a period of hormonal imbalance that is totally unpredictable.

As soon as there is a hormonal change (change in hormonal contraceptives, hormonal imbalance, pre-menopause, etc.), a change in the abundance of menstrual flow can be observed.
But how do you know if this abundant flow is normal or if it is abnormal?

When to consult ?

Too much blood loss can lead to intense fatigue caused by iron deficiency. This is referred to as anemia. If this is the case, your periods are abnormally heavy, it is then time to go see your doctor. He will help you and accompany you in the search for a solution.

If your flow is much more abundant than what we defined previously (+80ml or more than 7 days), it may be a sign that something is wrong. We think of a thyroid disorder, fibroid, endometriosis, polyp. Do not hesitate to consult your health care professional.

Solutions

With our expertise and our desire to accompany you throughout the life of your vagina, we have sought solutions for your heavy periods.

Following your requests, we have created a new menstrual cup size, one size bigger than the others, the Claricup Size 3!
The most absorbent tampons can collect up to 15ml. The Claricup size 3 has a capacity of 36ml! Twice the capacity of a super absorbent pad.

If you do not wish to change the abundance of your flow (with a hormonal contraceptive for example), the Claricup size 3 is therefore one of our solutions for your heavy periods. Beware, it is not because the capacity of our cup is bigger that we have to change it less often! The Claricup is still to be emptied every 6 hours. (read our article on wearing time here).

How do you manage your Niagara Falls? 😉

My period is late! 6 reasons other than pregnancy

You were ready: your Claricup menstrual cupdisinfected in one hand, hot chocolate in the other, you were ready to live quietly your period this month. And then when the day comes… nothing. Calendar error? Contraception error? All the scenarios start scrolling through your head and panic mounts. STOOOP ! There are many possible explanations other than pregnancy.

To better understand why the rules are not triggered at the time they were calculated, it is important to go back to their triggering mechanism :

From adolescence to menopause, the female body is governed by sex hormones that trigger a succession of menstrual cycles whose purpose is simple: to conceive life. Every 28 days or so, your ovaries release an egg to be fertilized and your uterus prepares a cozy little nest in case the fertilized egg develops there. If the egg is not fertilized by a spermatozoon, the endometrium (= the small, soft nest) self-destructs and runs out with a little blood: this is the menstrual period. Menstruation is a sign that you are not pregnant.

But being late with your period is not necessarily a sign that you are late.

Adolescence or menopause

One of the simplest explanations is that you are in one of these two transition phases: it is perfectly normal to have irregular periods during adolescence or menopause.

In adolescence, it takes a little time, sometimes a few years, before menstrual cycles are well established. At menopause, they gradually stop and often get longer. And in these two cases, it is difficult to calculate anything! Do not hesitate to ask for advice from a health professional to accompany you through these stages of your intimate life that come with many changes.

Stress

There are two types of stress: acute stress, in response to a specific event, and chronic stress, which occurs when we are constantly subjected to situations for which we are not prepared. However, our body is not made to be stressed all the time. Chronic stress is therefore harmful because, like a domino effect, it disrupts important body functions, including the menstrual cycle and periods1. Which kind of makes sense: if you’re stressed all the time (sometimes even without realizing it), your body feels like you’re in a situation that’s totally unsuitable for having a baby. It stops ovulation and thus stops menstruation. If you can identify the cause of the stress and manage it, your periods will return naturally.

If you can identify the cause of the stress and manage it, your periods will return naturally.

Flight attendants and nurses are familiar with this problem: changes in the pace of life disrupt not only sleep, but also the rules. Indeed, nearly 53% of women working staggered hours observe changes in the rhythm of their periods2. People with staggered schedules have fragmented and shorter than average sleep. However, it is during sleep that the hormones that trigger ovulation are secreted. So don’t worry if your period is late after a trip to the other side of the world: your ovaries are also out of sync!

You play sports intensively

This situation has been evoked in article 50 shades of red: the consequence of intensively practiced sport is to reduce the volume of menstruation, to make it irregular or even to make it disappear3. This is due to a deficit in available energy, which decreases the secretion of sex hormones. These deficits lead not only to irregular or non-existent periods, but also to other disorders that specialists call “The Female Athlete Triad”: insufficient energy intake and disorders of the menstrual cycle associated with osteoporosis. It is therefore important to be accompanied by health professionals who will be able to advise you on how to reduce your training volume and adapt your diet to your energy expenditure, which will allow your periods to return naturally.

Extreme weight gain or loss

Whether one way or the other, a rapid weight change is a stress for the body, which has no time to adapt to these sudden changes. It will therefore stop producing sex hormones (in case of extreme weight loss) or, on the contrary, produce too much (in case of obesity)4. In both cases, the result is the same: your cycles may become irregular, your periods may stop. A health professional will be able to advise you on how to return to a balanced weight, in a healthy way, so that your menstrual cycles become regular again.

You have stopped taking the pill or changed your hormonal contraception.

It often takes no less than 6 months to return to regular cycles after stopping birth control pills. So no stress! It is completely normal to have irregular menstrual cycles during this time. If you use other hormonal contraceptives such as an implant or hormonal IUD, your period is likely to decrease or even disappear, and that’s nothing to worry about.

That leaves pregnancy

You don’t find yourself in any of the situations described above… and come to think of it, you may have forgotten your pill once or twice a month… And then with Jules, you didn’t take too many precautions… Well, now we’re not going to lie to each other, it’s time to take a pregnancy test. Urine pregnancy tests are available in pharmacies and, since 2014, in supermarkets. To make sure you don’t miss out, it is important to do it at the right time: a pregnancy test detects a hormone made by the embryo, beta-HCG. This hormone is produced by the embryo as soon as it begins to develop, and more and more over time. By testing too early, it is possible that the hormone may be present in too small an amount to be detected. It is therefore necessary to wait until the presumed date of your period to do a test, and then redo one a week later if the first one was negative. If you have absolutely no idea when your period should have arrived, it is advisable to wait 19 days after the last sexual intercourse to take a pregnancy test. One last piece of advice: take the pregnancy test in the morning instead, when the urine is concentrated in hormones, you will have a better chance of detecting them.

As you will have understood, a delayed period is often a problem of hormones unbalancedby a drastic change. If you are certain that you are not pregnant and have not had a period for 3 months, it is time to seek medical advice. But above all, listen to your body, it has a lot to tell you. Even if you don’t have any worries, remember to write down somewhere the amount of blood you lose (handy with the Claricup menstrual cup!), the intensity of pain that may accompany menstruation as well as its duration or regularity: an abrupt change is often a sign of an imbalance, which can be easily resolved if it is taken in time.

1 D. Prokai and SL. Berga, « Neuroprotection via Reduction in Stress: Altered Menstrual Patterns as a Marker for Stress and Implications for Long-Term Neurologic Health in Women » Int. J. M. Sci., 2016, 17, 2147.

² FC. Baker and HS. Driver, « Circadian rhythms, sleep and the menstrual cycle », Sleep medicine, 2007, 8, 613-622.

3 AK. Weiss Kelly and S. Hecht, AAP COUNCIL ON SPORTS MEDICINE AND FITNESS « The Female Triad », Pediatrics, 2016 ;137(6).

4 B. Meczekalski, K. Katulski, A. Czyzyk, A. Podfigurna-Stopa, M. Maciejewska-Jeske, « Funtional hypothalamic amenorrhea and its influence on women’s health », J. Endocrinol Invest, 2014, 37 ; 1049-1056.

Do you have further questions about the daily use of your menstrual cup? Write on social networks or by email to: contact@claripharm.fr

CLARIGYNA™ : the intimate shower gel

New in your bathroom, the intimate shower gel Clarigyna™ becomes your must-have.

How to use it, what is its composition, we answer all your questions.

New: The intimate shower gel Clarigyna™

Clarigyna™ : designed by a woman for women!

Thisintimate shower gel of 150 ml, is suitable for the care of the intimate parts. Its gentle cleansing formula is as neutral as possible. Clarigyna™est also formulated :

  • Paraben-free (used as a preservative in cosmetics thanks to its antibacterial and antifungal actions)
  • Alcohol-free (which is a drying and irritating ingredient)
  • Dye-free (used to adjust the shade of the product but does not bring any efficiency to the product)
  • Fragrance-free (used to mask odors and is often composed of alcohol that is particularly irritating to the intimate area)
  • SLS-free(Sodium Lauryl Sulfate) (is an anionic sulfate surfactant that has a detergent action but can have a very irritating and drying effect on the skin)
  • Soap-free(which has an alkaline pH, which could irritate the mucous membrane by cleaning it too radically)

It has a physiological pH of 5.5 and is suitable for :

  • Daily external use

Function of the ingredients

Ingredients Function Origine Note INCI Beauty
AQUA (=eau) Solvent, it allows the mixing of ingredients. Water is the most used ingredient in cosmetics: 83% of products contain it. Mineral Good
COCO-BETAINE Amphoteric surfactant that improves the quality of the foam and gives the product cleaning qualities. Natural derived from coconut. Or synthetic. Good
LAURYL GLUCOSIDE Mild non-ionic surfactant cleaner. Vegetal, obtained from coconut oil and sugar. Or synthetic. Good
DISODIUM LAURETH SULFOSUCCINATE Anionic surfactant being among the softest. It is not part of the sulphates. It gently cleanses the intimate parts. Plant or synthetic Middle
GLUCONOLACTONE Skin care agent, it moisturizes the epidermis. Synthetic Good
ACRYLATES COPOLYMER Thickening agent, which gives a gel texture to the product. Synthetic Middle
SODIUM BENZOATE Antifungal preservative, which protects the product from microbial contamination. It is very effective against fungi, yeasts and bacteria. Synthetic Satisfactory
SODIUM HYDROXIDE pH regulator. The pH of Clarigyna is perfectly adapted to the intimate area. Synthetic Good
CALCIUM GLUCONATE Humectant, it helps to maintain the skin’s hydration. It is also used as a preservative in the product. Mineral Good

Gynecological test results

Thus at the sight of the results of the gynecological test, it appears that the product Clarigyna™ has a pleasant texture, it foams well, it brings feelings of comfort to clean the intimate zone gently and to hydrate it.

The product is ideal for daily intimate cleansing, especially of the external genital mucosa.

The conclusions showed excellent gynecological tolerance on the external genital area and excellent cosmetic acceptability, with 100% favorable opinions.

List of ingredients :

AQUA, COCO-BETAINE, LAURYL GLUCOSIDE, DISODIUM LAURETH SULFOSUCCINATE, SODIUM LAURYL SULFOACETATE, GLUCONOLACTONE, ACRYLATES COPOLYMER, SODIUM BENZOATE, SODIUM HYDROXIDE, CALCIUM GLUCONATE

Top 8 frequently asked questions on Clarigyna™

Simply wash only the outside of your intimate area (no need to wash inside, this could cause a disturbance of your vaginal flora and induce ugly infections). Then rinse abundantly with warm water.

  • Can the Clarigyna be used several times a day?

Yes, it is quite possible to use the Clarigyna several times a day. Gynecological test results have shown that Clarigyna can be used 1-2 times a day and is very well tolerated. However, one shower a day allows the intimate area to be washed properly.

  • Why use a slightly acidic product?

The vagina has a naturally acidic pH, between 3.8 and 4.5, due to the secretions of naturally occurring bacteria that make up the vaginal flora. Thus, they produce lactic acid to inhibit the development of undesirable microorganisms. The vulva has a pH slightly less acidic than the vagina.

Clarigyna is very soft and harmless, it can be used during pregnancy.

  • Can Clarigyna be used after a vaginal delivery?

Clarigyna can be used after a vaginal delivery. In case of irritation, burning sensation, urinary discomfort, pain, discontinue use immediately and contact your doctor.

  • What to do if the intimate area is irritated after using Clarigyna?

If irritation occurs, discontinue use immediately and contact your doctor.

Clarigyna can be used after the first period, when the vaginal pH becomes more acidic.

  • Can I continue to use Clarigyna in case of fungal infections?

The development of mycoses being more favourable in an acid medium, it is advisable to use a basic (alkaline) cleaning product during mycoses, which allows to relieve the intimate parts more quickly.

Do you have other questions about using Clarigyna? Write to us on social networks or by mail at: contact@claripharm.fr

Clarigyna™ intimate shower gel without perfume !

Clarigyna™: chosen by a woman for women.

This 200 ml intimate shower gel is suitable for the care of intimate parts.

Clarigyna™ is PERFUM FREE, its gentle washing formula is as neutral as possible because Clarigyna™ is also :

  • paraben-free
  • dye-free
  • without SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulphate)
  • soap-free

Its pH is physiological and adapted to :

  • daily external use
  • to the cleaning of your Claricare™

More information on the product sheet : Clarigyna™

All about endometriosis

Endometriosisis a chronic disease that affects nearly 10% of women in France. We discuss this in more detail in this article (click here).
The symptoms of the disease are numerous, but above all, contrary to what one might think, their intensity is not indicative of the seriousness of the lesions. Indeed, superficial endometriosis can be very painful and deep endometriosis sometimes goes unnoticed.

Endometriosis, a disease that is still too poorly diagnosed

Endometriosisaffects nearly 10% of women in France according to social security figures. This gynaecological and chronic disease can be extremely disabling. To date, there are different therapeutic solutions available depending on the stage of the disease, hence the importance of making a rapid diagnosis.

What is endometriosis ?

In endometriosis, you may hear the term “endometrium”. The endometrium is the tissue that covers the inner lining of the uterus and thickens at the beginning of each menstrual cycle. The endometrium is evacuated each month through the vagina when no embryo is implanted: this is the menstrual period. (See the article The First Periods)

In almost all women, we can observe what is known as retrograde menstruation: instead of flowing through the vagina, the menstrual period goes up through the fallopian tubes and into the abdominal cavity. For 90% of women, it is eliminated each month without any problem. In the remaining 10%, the endometrium remains fixed, without knowing why. This is endometriosis.

This uterine tissue can attach itself to the ovaries, but also to the fallopian tubes, to the ligaments that support the uterus, the rectum, the vagina…or, more rarely, in the intestine, the colon or the bladder.
Every month, at the time of menstruation, it acts exactly like the uterine endometrium: it bleeds, causing an inflammatory reaction on the affected organs and leaving scars with each menstrual cycle.

Several hypotheses (genetics, heredity, environment…) have been put forward to explain the causes of endometriosis, but today we still do not know exactly why some women suffer from it and not others.

What are the symptoms?

There are endometrioses without any particular symptoms, but in most cases endometriosis is detected as a result of dysmenorrhoea, the very strong pain in the pelvis that accompanies menstruation, the intensity of which can even become incapacitating for the woman suffering from it.
As endometriosis can affect different organs, the symptoms can also be very different.

The main ones, apart from dysmenorrhoea, are :

  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • urinary disorders
  • chronic fatigue
  • difficulty in intestinal transit (constipation or diarrhoea)

It should be noted that these symptoms can appear independently of each other.
Finally, one last symptom, otherwise painful: infertility. For women affected on the ovaries and fallopian tubes, there is indeed a risk to fertility. In fact, women sometimes discover that they have endometriosis when they come to see us because they find it difficult to get pregnant.

When is it necessary to consult? How is a diagnosis made?

Even today, it still takes an average of 7 years on average to diagnose the disease, which is a lot…
Do not hesitate to consult a general practitioner or a gynaecologist if you have any of the symptoms mentioned above, especially violent pain during menstruation or during sexual intercourse.
The latter will then prescribe several examinations (ultrasound, MRI, hysterography…) in order to make a diagnosis. The reference examination remains laparoscopy (this is a surgical examination) which allows lesions to be identified and tissue samples to be taken for analysis.

What are the existing solutions?

It is not possible to “cure” endometriosis, but with good management it is now possible to fight the pain and slow down the evolution of the disease.
Hormonal or surgical treatment may be considered, following the advice of a health professional.
Endometriosis is a disease that can be very difficult to live with, either physically or psychologically. Many associations exist, offering advice, listening and support. Don’t hesitate to contact them.

Source : EndoFrance

Symptoms of endometriosis

There are endometrioses without any particular symptoms, but in most cases endometriosis is detected as a result of dysmenorrhoea, the very strong pain in the pelvis that accompanies menstruation, the intensity of which can even become incapacitating for the woman suffering from it.
As endometriosis can affect different organs, the symptoms can also be very different.

Pain

In most cases, endometriosis is detected as a result of dysmenorrhoea, a very strong pain in the lower abdomen but also in the lower back during menstruation. In most cases, endometriosis is detected as a result of dysmenorrhoea, a very strong pain in the lower abdomen but also in the lower back during menstruation.

Painful periods that prevent you from living your day normally, or that resist taking an analgesic may be symptoms of endometriosis. If the pain becomes disabling, talk to your health care professional.

Abnormal bleeding

Endometriosis also causes heavier and longer periods with periods that can last more than 7 days. As a reminder, on average menstruation lasts between two and seven days, but this is just an average, each one of us is different.

The presence of blood clots over time can also be a symptom.

Infertility

Infertility is often associated with the disease, but not all women with endometriosis are affected, 30 to 40% face infertility.

Digestive disorders

Digestive disorders associated with endometriosis include :

  • Alternating diarrhoea/constipation at the time of menstruation
  • Pain when going to the toilet
  • The presence of blood in the stool
  • Abdominal bloating, stool and gas stops.

This is known as digestive endometriosis. This is when endometriosis develops in the intestines, colon and rectum.

Urinary disorders

Women often talk about symptoms reminiscent of a urinary tract infection such as difficulty emptying the bladder, a frequent urge to urinate or sometimes the presence of blood in the urine.

Bladder endometriosis occurs when endometriosis develops in the bladder.

Chronic fatigue

Fatigue, irritability or depression, usually due to the fact that the pain is chronic.

Dyspareunie

These are deep pains during sexual intercourse. There are two types of dyspareunia in women:

  • superficial dyspareunia, when pain occurs near or at the opening of the vagina
  • deep dyspareunia, in case of pelvic pain, i.e. pain felt in the pelvic area, including the lower abdomen and genital area.

Deep dyspareunia can be a symptom of endometriosis.

Severe pain during menstruation or infertility often underlie the symptoms that lead to a visit to the doctor or gynaecologist and which are followed by a diagnosis of endometriosis or not.

If you have the slightest doubt, do not hesitate to contact your GP, your gynaecologist or the EndoFranceassociation, representatives are available in your regions.

Do you have further questions about the daily use of your menstrual cup? Write on social networks or by email to: contact@claripharm.fr

Leisure and periods

Are sports, travel, hobbies … compatible with the moods of our uterus?
And yes Ladies we answer your questions about the practice of your hobbies during your period !

Playing sports during your period: good or bad idea?

Doing sports during your period ? We say yes! Discover our tips for practicing sports with peace of mind during your period.

Did you know that?

Until 1972, women were not allowed to run a marathon, because the organizers imagined that their uterus could unhook (yes yes). Luckily they have since received a few courses in anatomy and gender equality! But even today, many preconceived ideas persist, including the idea that women perform less well in sports during their periods.

It is moreover a taboo that the Chinese swimmer Fu Yuanhui broke at the Rio Olympics in 2016: arrived at the foot of the podium, she confessed that she was not at the top of her form because she had her period.

Poor sports performance during menstruation: myth or reality?

There are as many answers to this question as there are women: it depends!

Technically speaking, menstruating women do not lose muscle strength. But other parameters can affect athletic performance, including pre-menstrual syndromes that cause migraines, bloating, stomach or back pain. It is normal in this case to have difficulty pushing one’s limits. But the opposite effect can also occur: the aggressiveness that some women feel during their period can be a driving force, especially in combat sports.

What sports are recommended or discouraged during menstruation?

The main criterion to remember is: pleasure. We are not all equal in front of the symptoms before and during menstruation: at best we feel heavy and bloated, at worst we are bedridden with pain for 3 days. It is therefore quite normal to adapt one’s sport practice according to one’s sensations.

Maybe you’re not going to win an Olympic medal this week, but if you feel you can run, swim, do yoga or play soccer, there’s no reason not to.

If you have menstrual pain, it is also recognized that sport has a beneficial effect: not only does it clear your mind, but doing sport triggers the production of a cocktail of hormones (endorphin, serotonin, dopamine …) that reduces pain and stress 1.

It is however necessary to take a few precautions to do sport in all serenity.

What precautions should I take to play sports during my period?

When exercising, the body’s movements increase blood loss during the session: you will notice that your menstrual protection fills up faster. But don’t worry: it’s punctual and only lasts for the duration of the session, it doesn’t mean that your period will suddenly become heavier in general. It is therefore recommended to change your menstrual protection just before starting your session in order to avoid leaks. Think of the menstrual cup! Thanks to its larger capacity than that of tampons, it prevents you from overflowing. Also think about your comfort: if you’re running or cycling, it’s best to avoid towels to prevent friction.
Finally think about your outfit: with black leggings, a small leak will go unnoticed! And if you’re feeling bloated, remember to put on an outfit that doesn’t make your stomach feel too tight.

1R. Da Silve Santos and G. Galdino « Endogenous systems involved in exercise-induced analgesia », Journal of physiology and pharmacology, 2018, 69, 1, 3-13.

Travel and rules

That’s it! Finally, you’ve booked your dream trip and you’re ready to go, but have you really thought of everything?
Travelling, whether short or long, leads to changes in your habits but can also lead to changes in your menstruation.

Why can my cycle be disrupted when I travel?

In reality, it is not your cycle that is actually disturbed, but your brain!

And it’s a fact, your ovaries are intimately linked to your brain and are very attentive to it.

So travelling often, changing time zones and being jet-lagged will lead to changes in habits such as eating at totally different times, and probably sleeping less (Yes, we guessed that you often party on holiday, but we won’t say anything about that).

All this will upset your brain and therefore your ovaries!

It goes without saying that travelling is just as stressful! Whether you leave by car or by plane, you’ve probably already experienced the stress of traffic jams, passports not ready in time, flight delays, and so on…

Stress does not only affect our mind but also our body. If our brain is instructed to manifest stress, it is primarily a physical reaction that occurs. Our body will then conduct a hormone release and disrupt everything.
As a reminder, ovulation is mainly related to hormones. It is the LH that peaks and causes ovulation. This LH spike causes the dominant follicle to rupture and the ovary to release the egg; the egg then enters the fallopian tubes. This process is called “ovulation”.

So if these hormones are deregulated, you may observe a delay or absence of menstruation, or on the contrary, you may observe unexpected bleeding in the middle of the cycle or an advance and it’s the drama, the menstruation not initially planned has invited itself to your trip!

So what to do?

In order to avoid disturbing your hormones and thus avoid the arrival of your period at the wrong time, it is necessary to prepare yourself as well as possible.

  • Sleep:

Despite the time difference, try to get enough sleep. Ideally, you should sleep 7 to 8 hours a night. Sleep maintains a non-negligible balance.

  • Don’t panic:

No stress, relax. Do not hesitate to do breathing exercises or meditation. A good glass of wine and a massage will do the trick.

  • Eat properly :

Despite a change in time zone, try not to skip meals or eat at very different times as this can disrupt your body and therefore your cycle.

Don’t forget to hydrate yourself too!

And above all, when you leave, remember to anticipate with your stock of hygienic protections because, as explained above, they can arrive at any time and depending on where you are going, it will not always be easy to find your usual hygienic protections. The best option is to leave with your menstrual cup, we tell you more here.

For women on the pill who want to be sure to go on a trip without menstruating, this is possible if you take your pill continuously. Taking the pill continuously allows you to miss your period. Be careful because this solution is not highly recommended, but if you talk to your specialist doctor and explain the exceptional situation, he or she can give you a prescription adapted to your needs.

Going on holiday with your menstrual cup

Summer is fast approaching and the aim is to make the most of the beach, holidays, sun and warmth. But saturated or non-existent public toilets, inadequate periodic protection… Summer often brings its share of inconveniences, forcing women to adapt in spite of themselves, or even to deprive themselves of certain leisure activities such as the beach. But that was before the menstrual cup! So for those who haven’t yet taken the plunge, here’s one more reason to switch to the menstrual cup. The menstrual cycle does not take a holiday, and menstruation can sometimes occur without warning, especially when you go on a trip. In this case, the cup remains your best ally.

Advantages of the menstrual cup

More space in the suitcases

Taking your menstrual cup with you on holiday saves space in your luggage. No more need to plan for the stock of tampons and pads that takes up all the space! All you have to do is slip your cup and its transport and disinfection box into your bag.

Perfect for swimming

Once your Claricupmenstrual cup is well positioned, it won’t move! The suction cup effect is assured, so there is no risk of leaks. You can bathe without thinking about your rules. And what’s more, you don’t feel it once you’ve inserted it. We would even forget it.

Lucie’s testimony :

“When travelling, a cup still takes up less space than 2 packs of tampons in the suitcase…and no more anxiety at the pool to have the string sticking out.

I love the cup and I’ve been getting all my girlfriends drunk for 3 years to get them into it too! »

Less waste

Maybe you didn’t know it, but Team Claripharm is based in Brittany, close to the beach. And if you knew, waste from sanitary protection on the beach, you can see some … Because yes, the toilets on the beaches are not the cleanest, or are very far away, or sometimes even non-existent, it is then on the beaches that the waste is found …
With the cup it’s over! You can keep your menstrual cup for up to 6 hours at a time. After 6 hours, it should be emptied to prevent bacteria from developing in your vagina.

The best option is to have 2 menstrual cups with you. Each Claricup is supplied with its own transport and disinfection box. So you leave for your day with one cup in you and the other clean in its box. You can change your cup in the middle of the forest, behind a bush at the beach, or in the toilets you will find. All you have to do is exchange your cups thanks to your Claricup box. It’s done!

Don’t forget to disinfect your cups once the situation allows it. As a reminder, we advise you to disinfect your menstrual cup before each use.

That’s it, you’re ready for your next holiday! For more information on how to use the menstrual cup, please read our valuable advice here.

Do you have further questions about the daily use of your menstrual cup? Write on social networks or by email to: contact@claripharm.fr

Toxic Shock, what is it?

Find out more about Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)? What precautions can be taken to avoid it? Can I still wear a menstrual cup? Claripharm answers you.🔎

The Toxic Shock Syndrome, we take stock of the situation

Toxic Shock Syndrome is a rare but serious disease that can be fatal“.
We all read it at least once on the instructions of our hygienic protections, and we (maybe) panicked a little. What exactly is it? Who is at risk of developing this disease? What precautions can be taken to avoid it? We take stock with you of the scientific knowledge to date.

What is Toxic Shock Syndrome?

Toxic Shock Syndrome (or TSS)is a disease that can be caused by two types of bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus (mostly Staphylococcus aureus) and Group A Streptococcus. These bacteria are naturally present on the skin and mucous membranes of about 30 to 40% of the population, and do not cause problems in the vast majority of cases. However, sometimes these bacteria find a particularly good place to grow and can trigger TSS.

These hotbeds of development? A wound, a scar from a surgical operation or… the blood from menstruation. Approximately 50% of TSS cases occur in women who are menstruating or have just started menstruating; this is known as menstrual TSS. The other 50% develop in men, women, children, regardless of age or sex (usually from an infected wound).

After a certain time to develop in a wound or in the menstrual blood, Staphylococcus aureus will release a toxin that will spread in the blood and then in the whole body. This is the TSST-1 toxin. If the body does not know how to defend itself properly against this toxin, it will trigger an immune chain reaction because it is called a superantigen: the TSST-1 toxin will trigger a disproportionate immune response and the body will overreact, making the blood vessels porous, causing hypotension and multiple organ failure that can lead to death. As soon as the first symptoms appear, it is therefore necessary to act very quickly by removing the intra-vaginal device and urgently consult a doctor.

Good. That was the worst-case scenario! But there are many ways to recognize a TSS, and most importantly, to avoid it as much as possible.

What are the symptoms of Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome?

Symptoms may appear during menstruation or a few days after the end of menstruation.

Symptoms are similar to the flu: fever, nausea, vomiting, headache, aches and pains. It is also possible to have symptoms of shock, such as dizziness or discomfort due to low blood pressure and a rash similar to a sunburn. We repeat ourselves, but it is very important: as soon as the first symptoms appear, you must act very quickly by removing your tampon or cup and go see a doctor urgently.

Statistically, what are the risks of developing Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome?

The figures are clear: out of 14 million women of menstrual age in France, 20 suffer from menstrual TSS per year (all with tampons), i.e. 0.0001%.

The risks of developing a TBS are therefore very limited, which would mean :

  • Be part of the 30% of the population that is a natural carrier of Staphylococcus aureus.
  • And again, to be part of the 4% of the population that is carrying a strain of Staphylococcus aureuscapable of producing TSST-1 (yes, not all of them are capable!).
  • In addition, to be part of the 10% of the population that is not able to defend itself against the TSST-1 toxin.

Statistically speaking, therefore, there is really, really little risk of developing Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome. However:

  1. To date, there is no test available in pharmacies to determine if you are a carrier of Staphylococcus aureus,
  2. Even if this were the case, just because you are not a carrier at a given moment T does not mean that you will not become one later. It is considered that 50% of the population is intermittent carrier of Staphylococcus aureus.
  3. There is no test available in pharmacies to find out if you are immune to the TSST-1 toxin.

It is therefore impossible at this time to know if you are at risk of having TSS one day, so it is best to take all the precautions we will see below. You should find these recommendations on the package inserts for tampons, menstrual cups and any device intended for prolonged insertion into the vagina (diaphragm, sponge).

What can facilitate the onset of Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome?

Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome began to be heard about in the 1980s in the USA, when a brand of tampon, the Rely brand, caused an epidemic of 772 cases of menstrual TSS and 38 deaths. This brand of tampons was excessively absorbent, and menstrual TSS was not known, so some women kept the same tampon throughout their period (which of course is totally discouraged). Rely tampons were super-absorbent thanks to a synthetic material: carboxymethylcellulose, and it has been proven that it is this material that promotes the growth of Staphylococcus aureus.

Today, this material is no longer used in tampons, and precautions of use have been added: it has been since this Rely scandalthat tampon manufacturers indicate their absorption by means of small drops (to avoid wearing unnecessarily absorbent tampons, which promote menstrual TSS) and that the recommended wearing time is 4 to 8 hours. As a result of these measures, the number of menstrual TSS decreased significantly.

A recent scientific studyshows moreover that the composition of the tampons or cups currently on sale does not influence the growth of Staphylococcus aureus (phew!), we talk about it in more detail hereand there.

But at the risk of disappointing some of you, the cup does not protect against Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome…

It is the retention of menstrual blood in the vagina that causes Staphylococcus aureus to sometimes develop. After years of neglect, the subject of menstrual TSS is finally beginning to be seriously studied, and recent scientific publications on the subjectallow us to recommend these important precautions to take if you want to use a tampon or menstrual cup safely:

Menstrual TSS Risk Factors What can be done to reduce the risk?
  • Choose a tampon that is too absorbent or a menstrual cup that is too large.

 

  • (Re)Introduce Staphylococcus aureus into the vagina during menstruation.

 

  • Allow sufficient development time for Staphylococcus aureus to produce the TSST-1 toxin.

 

An immune system that doesn’t know how to defend itself
against TSST-1 toxin

  • Wash hands before handling intravaginal protection.
    In the case of reusable devices: disinfect them before each insertion. See Claricup cleaning routine.

Do not use an intravaginal device if you have ever had TSS (menstrual or not) or if you are severely immunocompromised.

It’s finally not so complicated! In addition, Claripharm makes your life easier by offering you, for each size, a Duopack allowing you to change your cup during the day if you don’t have the possibility to disinfect it: you keep a clean cup in its box, which you take with you for the day, and after 6am, you can exchange it with the one you were wearing!

Why a study on the menstrual cup? (SCT)

You may have heard about it, a scientific study has recently been published and picked up in a lot of media with sometimes alarmist headlines about Toxic Shock Syndrome. Some have understood that the menstrual cupis more dangerous than tampons, others that the menstrual cup is not more dangerous, but just needs to be cleaned more often. And what do we do in all this? Today, we untangle the true from the false and the misunderstanding with you.

Who conducted this study?

The study was conducted by a team of French researchers based in Lyon. These researchers are part of the National Reference Center for Staphylococcus, an institution in charge of studying these small bacteria that cause us a lot of problems. In this study, they investigated whether tampons or menstrual cups promote the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, the bacterium responsible for Toxic Shock Syndrome.

What is Toxic Shock Syndrome?

Vous avez peut être entendu l’histoire de la mannequin Lauren Wasser, qui a perdu ses deux jambes suite à un Syndrome du Choc Toxique. Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is caused by a bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus (Staphylococcus aureus) that produces a toxin, TSST-1, which is able to pass through the vaginal wall and spread throughout the body. The TSST-1 toxin can cause gangrene of the extremities and even shutdown of vital organs. Men, women or children can develop TSS, but 50% of TSS cases occur in women during or shortly after their period, and are referred to as Menstrual Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS).
Why ? Because Staphylococcus develops particularly well in the menstrual blood. It should be remembered that SCT is very rare: out of 15 million women who menstruate in France, 15 cases of menstrual SCT are recorded each year, i.e. 0.0001%.

What is the aim of this study?

Menstrual TSS was discovered in the 1980s, when a super (hyper-giga-mega) absorbent tampon was introduced: the Rely tampon. Unfortunately, it caused approximately 772 cases of TSS and 38 deaths because its composition favoured the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. Since then, the Rely buffer has been withdrawn from the market, and its main component, carboxymethylcellulose, has been banned in buffers. It is also since this scandal that tampon manufacturers advise to change it every 4 to 8 hours, because the Rely tampon was so absorbent that women sometimes kept it during … all their periods!

Since the 1980s, new components have arrived in buffers, notably viscose. The team of scientists therefore investigated whether this new composition could play a role in the development of Staphylococcus and SCT. Many manufacturers of menstrual cups (not including Claripharm) and organic cotton tampons claim that their products protect against Toxic Shock Syndrome. So they wanted to find out if this was really the case.

How were tampons and menstrual cups evaluated?

It was not possible to ask women to wear tampons for as long as possible and put their lives at risk. Researchers have therefore reproduced the conditions in which tampons or cups are found once in the vagina, during menstruation. To do this, they used plastic bags (to reproduce the vagina), 15 mL of a liquid reproducing menstrual blood, a strain of staphylococcus aureus taken from a woman who suffered from TSS, and of course, a conventional tampon, an organic tampon or a cup.

Aha, the Cliff Hanger! What were their results? Does it change anything for me?
Read more about it here.

Menstrual Cup and Toxic Shock Syndrome

What are the results of the study?

After placing the pads or cups in individual plastic bags in a culture medium and in the presence of Staphylococcus aureus, they placed them at 37°C for 8 hours.
After 8 hours, the researchers measured the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and the production of the toxin TSST-1.

Already, good news:

No device accelerates the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, so we are not at risk of having an epidemic of Toxic Shock Syndrome.

But also precautions to be taken:

  • No tampon, bio buffer or cup protects against Toxic Shock Syndrome. And most importantly: no tampon, bio tampon or cup should be worn for more than 8 hours. For the researchers observed a production of the TSST-1 toxin in all cases. Unfortunately, they did not measure the growth of Staphylococcus aureus before these 8 hours, so it is difficult to make recommendations for all products.

On the other hand, before the publication of this study, the Claripharm Laboratory commissioned a study on the wearing time of the Claricup, which allows us to ensure maximum safety for 6 hours with the Claricup. Details of the Claricup menstrual cup study are available here. Our study is very similar to the one we are talking about today, with the difference that we measured the growth of Staphylococcus aureus every hour for 12 hours.

  • You have to choose your cup according to its flow. Because the size of menstrual cups seems to play a role in the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and the production of TSST-1. The composition of the cups is not decisive, it is the oxygen supply that is important. The larger a menstrual cup is, the more oxygen it provides. It is important to remember that the cup must still be able to contain the flow, and that the faster the menstrual cup fills up, the less oxygen there is.
  • The cup must be disinfected before each insertion. Because Staphylococcus aureus remains fixed on the menstrual cups and a simple washing with water is not enough to remove it. Researchers indicate that it is therefore important to disinfect the cups before each insertion, otherwise there is a risk of re-contamination with Staphylococcus aureus. They therefore suggest that users have 2 cups to be able to change them more easily during the day.

How to use your menstrual cup safely?

Unlike other devices, menstrual cups need to be cleaned regularly. Other manufacturers claim 12 hours without leaks, but you can’t keep up such a marketing argument if it puts lives at risk. For this reason, the Claripharm Laboratory recommends a wearing time of 6 hours, as well as systematic cleaning and disinfection between each insertion. It’s for you, for your health ladies. Because we are the first ones, we don’t want to lose a leg just because we got our period.

It should also be remembered that this study only concerns Toxic Shock Syndrome. For the moment, unfortunately, no study has been carried out on the endocrine disruptors found in certain hygienic protections (endometriosis is classified by the Institut de Veille Sanitaire as potentially related to endocrine disruptors), nor on the impact of tampons (which absorb everything) or cups (which only collect menstrual periods) on the vaginal flora, essential to the health of our intimacy. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

How does Claripharm Laboratory take care of me?

Each Claricup is systematically provided with its disinfection box, to make your life easier: it is sometimes more practical to disinfect it in a microwave oven than in a pot of boiling water!

We also offer Duopacks of 2 Claricup and 2 boxes at a reduced price, so that you always have a clean cup available during the day: you insert one cup in the morning, the other clean cup is in its box, in your bag and after 6 hours, you just have to exchange it in the bathroom. That’s what the box is also for! Thanks to it, you don’t risk to stain your stuff with a used cup while waiting to clean everything quietly at home.

We also advise you to choose your Claricup according to your flow. Other parameters can play a role in the choice of your size, such as the musculature of your perineum or the size of your vagina, but unless you are a midwife or gynaecologist, this is something few of us can evaluate. On the other hand the flow, that we know!

Claripharm Laboratory’s commitment is simple: to provide you with the healthiest products possible, for ever greater safety. That’s why we all lead the way. these studies, which we obtain the certifications that guarantee you the safety of Medical Devices, that we have done 22 tests on raw materials and Claricup, and that every day we work to provide you with all the right information and the right products.

This study is an opportunity to learn more about alternatives to traditional periodic protection. Above all, it is an opportunity for you, the user, to be fully informed of good usage practices in order to protect your health.

We’re all concerned about the rules, so it’s time to talk about it!

Do you have further questions about the daily use of your menstrual cup? Write on social networks or by email to: contact@claripharm.fr

Gynecology and female hygiene

Vaginal discharge: what is normal?

Vaginal discharge, also known as white discharge or leucorrhoea, is a completely normal phenomenon in women of child-bearing age. But a change can be a sign of a vaginal infection. However, to know if there is a problem, it is important to know what “normal” vaginal discharge looks like and what is not.

Vaginal losses, what is it?

Vaginal discharge is a mixture of cervical mucus produced by the cells of the cervix, vaginal secretions, dead cells from the vaginal wall, and bacteria from the vaginal flora 1. Moreover, as their production is very much linked to that of sex hormones, only women of childbearing age (i.e. from puberty to menopause), experience this phenomenon.

  • Cervical mucusis a more or less viscous liquid secreted by the cells of the cervix. These secretions are influenced by the menstrual cycle and therefore vary in abundance and consistency during the cycle. At the moment of ovulation, they facilitate the passage of spermatozoa into the uterus, becoming more liquid and abundant. On the contrary, outside of ovulation, they thicken to prevent bacteria from entering the uterus. This is in fact the principle of the symptothermal method: by monitoring several parameters of one’s cycle such as temperature, abundance and consistency of cervical mucus, it is possible to detect one’s own ovulation period, the so-called “fertility window”, and to act accordingly to prevent or facilitate a pregnancy.

 

  • Vaginal secretions are produced naturally by the cells of the vaginal wall: these secretions serve to moisten the vagina to prevent pain during penetration. But this is not necessarily a sign of more or less arousal: the amount of vaginal lubrication varies greatly from one woman to another.

 

  • The cells of the vaginal wall renew themselves naturally, just like skin cells. The higher the concentration of estrogens in the body, the more they will renew themselves and feed the growth of the bacteria of the vaginal flora, those nice bacteria that will prevent other micro-organisms from causing infections.

What does a normal vaginal discharge look and smell like?

Well , guess what? Even scientists cannot agree!

A few rare clinical studies have attempted to define a “normal” amount, color or odour of vaginal discharge 2.

But as mentioned above, the amount of vaginal discharge varies enormously from one woman to another, and for a woman during her cycle and her life (pregnancy, menopause…). Therefore, there is no “normal” amount of loss. Some will feel the need to wear a panty liner to avoid feeling wet, but it’s all a matter of preference.

The color of the discharge also varies during the menstrual cycle: from transparent to slightly white. The main idea to remember is that if it is a color other than transparent, white, sometimes slightly yellow, there is a risk of infection.

Finally, there is the thorny question of odor: what is normal is that vaginal discharge has a slight odor. If it bothers you, then it may be a vaginal infection.

The sure sign is if you have traces of blood, intense itching, redness, or a burning sensation (at the time of sexual intercourse or urination): this is a sure sign that you have an infection.

Vaginal discharge is the result of the natural process of cleansing the vagina.

Despite what many advertisements want women to believe, it is quite normal to have losses and therefore a slight feeling of dampness. It is not necessary to perfume the vulva, douching or self-medicate at the first alert, as this could instead cause infections. Remember: the vagina cleans itself and defends itself very well on its own!

1 AM. Powell and P. Nyirjesy, « New perspectives on the normal vagina and noninfectious causes of discharge », Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sept. 2015, 58(3), 453-463.

² M. Anderson, A. Karasz and S. Friedland, « Are vaginal symptoms ever normal ? A review of the literature », MedGenMed, Nov 2004, 6(4), 49.

Intimate itching, what causes it and what solutions to relieve it?

Do you have a sly vagina? The burning vulva? The apricot color poppy ? Intimate parts that get damaged ? The gynecological area that stings? In short, your private parts itch and you don’t know where it’s coming from, but your vulva is not doing well. Enough poetry, all the answers to your questions in this article!

Itching of the private parts, also called vulvar pruritus, is very common. In fact, nearly 1 in 5 women will experience intimate irritation1 for more than 3 months in their lifetime. The intimate area is characterized by a variety of different skins: some with hairs, others without, the entrance of the vagina does not even have the upper protective layer found on the skin, so it is a mucous membrane that is even more sensitive. The intimate area can therefore be irritated quite easily…

Stress, periods of change in one’s life, poor hygienic protection, everywhere explore these embarrassing ailments!

Contact allergy or irritation

Have you changed brands of panty liners or laundry recently? This may be the cause of the redness and itching you have. It can take a few days of contact for irritation to develop, so if you’ve changed your habits in the last few days, change your product to make sure it’s not your new underwear that’s causing the irritation.

In general, prefer cotton panties that are not too tight, which allows for better evacuation of perspiration and avoids irritation, and avoid scented products (wipes, soap, towels, laundry…), as perfumes are often a source of allergies. Think about it if you use scented sanitary pads and you systematically have irritations during your period!

Poor quality hygienic protections

Because there are no regulations in Europe regarding the components of intimate protection, many manufacturers of tampons (among others) and cups (also!) make life difficult for your vagina.

Silicone from China, injection of phthalate, glyphosate or chlorine to make the tampons more absorbent; nothing beats a Made in France/Europe product whose origin of the products will initially be reassuring, then take a look at the regulatory certifications of the brand (ISO, FDA, MDSAP standards…).

We will soon come back to the subject of regulations, a battle that is fought on a daily basis in the company. Claripharm. Anyway, if you are holders of the Claricup, know that at Claripharm, not only our menstrual cup is Made in France, but in addition, we are one of the only brands to be 100% standardized.

Pubic lice

Also known as crabs! We reassure you right away, to have some is not a sign of bad hygiene, because the pubic louse clings very well to the skin with its claws (this small microscopic insect looks like a crab). It is transmitted through direct contact with an infected person, but also through sheets, towels or used clothing (be careful when trying on bathing suits!). Always keep your underwear on).

Symptoms are itching (even worse at night) caused by the bites, which appear red and then grey-blue.

It is very simple to get rid of it: one or even two applications of a shampoo prescribed by your doctor are enough. To avoid any recurrence, it is important to inform your recent sexual partners and to clean your bedding and underwear at 90°C.

Vaginal mycosis

A vaginal mycosis is very often caused by a fungus: Candida albicans. Ce champignon microscopique fait naturellement partie de la flore vaginale, ce petit monde de bactéries et de levures qui colonise le vagin et lui permet d’être en bonne santé.This microscopic fungus is a natural part of the vaginal flora, the small world of bacteria and yeast that colonizes the vagina and keeps it healthy. But sometimes, an antibiotic treatment or too aggressive intimate hygiene can disturb the vaginal flora and then Candida albicans proliferates too much, causing itching and odourless white vaginal discharge.

To relieve these symptoms, local antifungals are available without a prescription from a pharmacy, which can be helpful if you know you are prone to recurring fungal infections. Nevertheless, only a doctor will be able to confirm with certainty that you are suffering from a fungus and possibly take a sample to identify the precise germ and the most suitable treatment.

Vaginal dryness

Vaginal dryness, a source of irritation and discomfort rather than itching, is common in postmenopausal women, but menopause is not the only cause of vaginal dryness. An overly aggressive intimate hygiene, the consequences of pregnancy or because of taking certain medications (antidepressants, antihistamines…), vaginal dryness may occur. In fact, nearly 55% of women suffer from it during their lifetime²!

If this is the only symptom you have, you can settle for a local solution: lubricants (which have an immediate but short action) and moisturizing gels (which have a longer action) will be your best friends! You can buy them in pharmacies, with or without a prescription. On the other hand, if vaginal dryness is accompanied by hot flashes, or anarchic periods, you may be entering pre-menopause… it is then important to talk about it and be accompanied by a health professional who will be able to guide you through this new stage of your intimate life.

As we know, these itches and irritations are sometimes difficult to manage… even though solutions exist! The most important thing is to talk about it with a healthcare professional, who will be able to point you in the right direction.

1 C.K. Stockdale, L. Boardman, « Diagnosis And Treatment Of Vulvar Dermatoses », Clinical Expert Series, 2018 Feb, 131(2) : 371-386.

² SOGC Clinical Practice Guidelines, « The Detection And Management Of Vaginal Atrophy », International Journal of GYnecology and Obstetrics, 2005, 88, 222-228.

Vaginal infections, how to recognize and treat them

In the catalog of the joys of owning a female genitalia, there are so many things:

Because if at the base the uterus is intended to do a rather incredible thing (to make a baby grow inside it, anyway), all the machinery around it sometimes brings *something* inconveniences. Oh, you probably know them: Itching, Premenstrual Syndrome, Menstruation… In short, life with a vagina isn’t always easy.

And among those things that people with a penis don’t know about are vaginal infections: AH, itching! Loss-who-has-a-color-weird! Maritime smells. (?!) It is a story that every woman will know at least once in her life. Here’s how to make sure it ends well, and more importantly, that it doesn’t repeat itself too often.

Recognizing a vaginal infection

Itching or even pain are the first signs of a vaginal infection. If you’ve eliminated the different causes of an itch and your vaginal discharge has changed in appearance at the same time: BINGO, you’ve hit the jackpot.

You are far from being the only one: 75% of women will develop a vaginal mycosis during their lifetime1, while bacterial vaginosis affects 1 in 3 women each year in the world2. Because yes, there are several kinds of vaginal infections:

  • Vaginal mycosis, also called candidiasis, because it is caused in 90% of cases by a yeast called Candida albicans,
  • Bacterial vaginosis, so called because it is caused by another type of microorganism: bacteria such as Gardnerella vaginalis, Mycoplasma hominis, or Prevotella spp.
  • Trichomoniasis, an infection caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.

It is relatively easy to tell the difference between the three by observing your vaginal discharge:

A vaginal yeast infection will cause itching and redness in the vulva, and an abundant but odourless white discharge that looks a bit like curdled milk (if you are disgusted now, don’t continue reading).

Bacterial vaginosiswill also cause itching, but the difference is that you will have a gray/green discharge, with a “rotten fish” smell.

A Trichomonas infection will cause tingling and redness in the vulva, but the discharge at the bottom of your panties will be smelly, beige and “foamy”, like soapy water.

These symptoms may also be accompanied by burning sensations or difficulty urinating.

The other difference between the three? Since they are not caused by the same microorganisms, the treatments will also be different.

How to treat a vaginal infection

It is very frequent that by the time you go to the pharmacy or make an appointment with the doctor, the infection disappears by itself: lucky! But if it’s been going on for too long or if it’s the 4th time in a year, it’s time to act.

To relieve a vaginal yeast infection, there are anti-fungal treatments available without a prescription in pharmacies: in the form of a cream for external use or an egg to be inserted into the vagina, they will be of great help if you know how to recognize the symptoms.

To relieve bacterial vaginitis, however, it is necessary to see a doctor for antibiotic treatment. If you are pregnant, don’t delay: a vaginal bacterial infection can trigger premature delivery.

To treat a Trichomonas infection, it is also necessary to go to the doctor because an antibiotic must be prescribed. Since it is a sexually transmitted infection (which is not the case with fungus or bacterial vaginosis), it is necessary that the sexual partner also be treated. The use of male or female condoms is also recommended to prevent recurrence.

If you know there is a problem but cannot identify the cause, a health care professional (gynecologist, general practitioner or midwife) will be able to take a swab that will precisely identify the microorganism that has settled a little too well in your vagina.

But despite these treatments, be aware that between 5 and 30% of women will have a recurrence.

Understand what triggers an infection to prevent recurrence.

Normally, the vagina is lined with what is called vaginal flora. In the vaginal flora, one finds in majority Lactobacilli which one also calls “probiotics” (literally “for life”): they are the nice bacteria, those which play the role of shield and which make that the pH of the vagina is acidic (between 3,8 and 6). Pathogenic yeasts and bacteria are also found in the flora, but the acid pH produced by the Lactobacilli limits their development, which prevents infections.

But in the vagina as in life, everything is a question of balance.

This balance is fragile, and tilting the scale to one side or the other causes infections: On the side of pH too acidic (below 3.8), it is the yeasts that take over and cause mycosis. If the pH is too basic (higher than 6), pathogenic bacteria settle.

Remember to check if your intimate cleansing products or lubricants have a pH between 3.8 and 6 so as not to disturb this balance. A high concentration of estrogen in the body (such as during pregnancy or with the birth control pill) can acidify the vagina, while menstruation or semen tends to make the pH basic. Finally, there are situations where, without knowing it, one has unknowingly thrown the scale out the window: a tampon that absorbs everything (even good bacteria), an intimate toilet that is too aggressive, or a broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment are the equivalent for the vagina of weeding with a flamethrower: by wanting to remove everything, one also removes the protection provided by the Lactobacilli, and one doesn’t know what will take over… Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

In any case, it is necessary to stick to a maximum of one intimate toilet per day, and perhaps change one’s habits if the recurrences are too frequent. It is also interesting to bring back probiotics, either through food (fermented cabbage, yoghurts, dietary supplements) or through eggs that are inserted into the vagina, available without a prescription in pharmacies. In this way, you provide your body with additional defenses.

That’s it, you are now equipped to take care of your intimate flora and help it fight vaginal infections!

1 Vanessa Cardinale, « Les candidoses vaginales recidivantes à Candida Albicans », Thèse de Diplôme d’Etat de Docteur en Pharmacie, sous la direction de Françoise Hinzelin, Nancy, Université Henri Poincare – Nancy 1, 2001, 131 p.

² JE Allsworth, JF Peipert ; « Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis : 2001-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data », Obstet. Gynecol., 2007 Jan, 109(1), p. 114-120.

Intimate hygiene: how about reviewing the basics?

To avoid vaginal infections and irritations, daily intimate cleansing is often recommended. But with what? How? Exactly how often? Paradoxically, an overly aggressive intimate toilet can causeinfections. These are important issues because they are crucial to our intimate health.

Why is it necessary to wash *down*?

Unlike the vagina, which cleans itself, the external sexual organs do not clean themselves. If the vaginal discharge accumulates too much at the vulva, it can promote the development of microorganisms that will cause vaginal or urinary tract infections. Good intimate hygiene is therefore essential to regularly eliminate vaginal discharge accumulated on the vulva, and to avoid bringing bad germs back where they could develop and cause discomfort.

After going to the toilet, how do you wipe?

The female genital orifices are very close to a source of bad bacteria: the anus. So always remember to wipe from front to back. Thus you will avoid bringing back to your vagina bacteria from the anus that have nothing to do with it.

Also remember to avoid anything that will retain perspiration.

Synthetic underwear, panty liners, slim trousers and towels have a “barrier effect”: by preventing perspiration from draining properly, they will increase humidity and temperature, which encourages the development of bacteria or fungi1.

Sexuality

Another activity brings bacteria to the wrong place: sex! If you are particularly prone to urinary or vaginal infections, urinate immediately after sex to get rid of any bacteria. And most importantly: use a condomuntil you are sure that neither you nor your partner is carrying a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI).

When it comes to how often and what to clean with: choose SOFTNESS and SIMPLICITY.

Choose your intimate hygiene product with care

For daily cleansing, use the simplest possible intimate cleanser.

The vulva is a sensitive area: it must be cleaned without irritating it. In order to avoid irritations and disturb the vulval flora, some ingredients should be avoided :

  • Endocrine disruptors: phthalates.
  • Unnecessary ingredients: perfumes and dyes.
  • Ingredients too aggressive for this area: Chlorhexidine, Sodium Laureth Sulphate and alcohol.
  • A pH that would disturb the flora: no soap with a basic or neutral pH, you need an acidic pH, between 4 and 6.

It is not necessary to do an intimate cleansing more than once a day: beyond that, there is a risk of over-stripping the skin, which causes micro-lesions and removes the natural barrier that protects us.

In summary we forget: deodorants, wipes after each visit to the toilet, and scented toilet paper, or rather: everything that is scented. Because the more products you use, the more likely you are to develop cystitis, vaginal infections, candidiasis or other joyfulness2.

The false good idea

Unfortunately, women often think that a feeling of dampness and a slight odor are bad signs. But not at all: on the contrary, it is a sign that your vagina cleans itself very well.

It is therefore totally useless to cleanse inside the vagina: the risk is to unbalance the vaginal flora and cause infections. Vaginal showers are thus to be proscribed.

1 S. Guaschino, C. Benvenuti, SOPHY Study Group, « SOPHY Project : an observational study of vaginal pH and lifestyle in women of different ages and in different physiopathological conditions », Minerva Ginecologica, 2008 Apr;60(2):105-14.

² S.E. Crann, S. Cunningham, A. Albert, D.M. Money and K.C. O’Doherty, « Vaginal health and hygiene practices and product use in Canada : a national cross-sectional survey », BMC Women’s Health,

Do you have further questions about the daily use of your menstrual cup? Write on social networks or by email to: contact@claripharm.fr

Menstrual cup and IUD: Can you use a cup if you wear an IUD?

A woman’s life is shaped by several significant adventures: the first menstrual period, the choice of contraception, giving birth, the menopause. What do all these adventures have in common? You’re right, they all require intimate hygienic protection.

Convinced of the cup or still hesitating to take the plunge, we come back to the questions we are most asked about the menstrual cup and the stages of life of your femininity.

Can we use the Claricup menstrual cup if we wear an IUD?

Copper IUDs tend to increase the volume of menstruation, which often leads to leakage with conventional sanitary protection.

Among all the advantages of the cup, many of you pass the milestone of choosing the Claricup menstrual cup for its superior collection capacity compared to tampons.

What about when you wear an IUD: is there a risk in using a menstrual cup when you wear an IUD?

Let’s go back together on the state of scientific knowledge to date :

Some reminders :

IUDs, also known as IUDs or IUS (Intrauterine Devices or Systems), are a means of contraception. They are placed in the uterus for several years and can act in two different ways:

  • The hormonal IUD allows a contraception by diffusing a progestin continuously. Under the action of this hormone, the cervical mucus thickens around the cervix, slowing the passage of sperm. The endometrium (the lining of the uterus) also becomes thinner, preventing the development of a possible embryo. The thinning of the endometrium reduces the duration and volume of menstruation. Sometimes, some women don’t even menstruate anymore, which is harmless to their health or fertility.
  • The copper IUD does not contain hormones. Copper makes sperm less mobile and less viable, preventing them from fertilizing an egg. The IUD also causes inflammation of the uterus, which alters the endometrium and prevents the development of a possible embryo. A copper IUD does not influence ovulation or hormone production, but can trigger longer or heavier periods. It is generally the users of copper IUDs who switch to the menstrual cup because they have very heavy periods.

An IUD can be inserted by a gynaecologist, midwife or general practitioner. It is inserted into the bottom of the uterus via the cervix, an opening at the bottom of the vagina that is no larger than a match head. In order to be able to remove it at the appropriate time, the health care professional leaves the IUD threads protruding into the vagina.

There is no contraindication to wear a Claricup with an IUD.

Much has been heard about the suction effect of the cups, which would be able to suck the IUD out of the uterus, or about women pulling on the threads of their IUDs.

However, a menstrual cup simply does not have enough strength to aspirate anything: in fact, a Canadian study conducted in 2011 showed that during the 6 weeks following the insertion of an IUD, there was no greater risk of losing the IUD if women used tampons, pads or menstrual cups (Wiebe & Trouton, 2012).

On the other hand, whatever your hygienic protection, there is always a risk of spontaneous expulsion: today the rate of spontaneous expulsion is estimated to be around 10%, with a peak during menstruation and in the 3 months following IUD insertion (Zhang, Feldblum, Chi, & Farr, 1992).

To avoid the risk of pulling on the IUD sutures, it is important to discuss this with the healthcare professional who is inserting the IUD, asking him or her to cutthe sutures short enough. This is obviously something that can also be done after the insertion, should you decide to use a Claricup after 2 years of IUD use. It is also an opportunity for you to ask yourself how to check yourself every month that your IUD has not moved during your period.

What precautions to take?

There are two important parameters:

  • The length of the threads of your IUD

When inserting the IUD, do not hesitate to mention to your healthcare professional that you are a user of the menstrual cup. So ask him to cut the IUD wires very short. The risk is not to aspirate your IUD by unscrewing your cup, no. There is a risk of catching the threads of your IUD and therefore removing it! Therefore, take the necessary precautions at the time of installation.

If you have already inserted your IUD, don’t panic, don’t hesitate to talk about it with your healthcare professional at your next visit.

  • The removal of your menstrual cup

La chose la plus importante est de ne pas ventiler votre coupe menstruelle avant de l’enlever.

To do this, pinch the base of your cup, then once you feel that it no longer adheres to the walls of your vagina, you can gently remove it by pulling on the base. The stem serves only as a guide to find the base of the menstrual cup, under no circumstances should you pull on the stem to remove your menstrual cup.

If you respect these two parameters then long life to the cup!

Our post-partum advice

Come back of menstruation after childbirth (or return of diapers), what should I expect?

Here you are mom, your baby has arrived and that means a lot of changes in your life. One thinks of the long nights that you spend by your baby’s side, the unexpected milk rushes, (thanks to the little stained top) but also of your period. The return of the rules, also called “return of diapers”, will happen little by little. We are all different, so the arrival of menstruation does not happen at the same time or in the same way for all women; expect some changes.

And when is the come back ?

Well, we know that one of the benefits during pregnancy is not menstruating. Unfortunately, these will come back, but when?
First question, were you breastfeeding? The answer to this question will help you determine when your period will be returned.

If you are not breastfeeding, you can expect your period to return between 8 and 10 weeks after giving birth.

If you are breastfeeding, (this is the case for 60% of women in France), the return of menstruation may take longer. This is generally referred to as 6 months. Once again, we are all different, the return of menstruation can then be longer, up to 1 year. Don’t worry if your period hasn’t arrived yet and you are in this period of breastfeeding.

Link between breastfeeding and return of menstruation

Prolactin is a hormone made in the brain that causes and maintains the production of breast milk after childbirth. We all have this hormone in us, prolactin is also involved in reproduction, growth and immunity, but its level is greatly increased during pregnancy and in the post-delivery period, especially during breastfeeding.

After giving birth, prolactin levels return to normal in less than two weeks if you are not breastfeeding.

If you have chosen to breastfeed, feedings play an important role because they immediately stimulate prolactin levels. Prolactin secretion remains high as long as you continue to breastfeed. Many women return from diapers at the same time as the baby reduces the number of feedings: either because the baby is starting to eat solids or because the baby is taking bottles.

This hormone prevents ovulation, and therefore menstruation. But in 10% of women, this is not the case. In addition, the return of the diaper is preceded by a period of ovulation which took place 15 days before. What does it mean? That you are likely to ovulate at any time without realizing it. Ovulation also means a possible new pregnancy. Breastfeeding is therefore not a reliable means of contraception. If you do not wish to become pregnant again immediately, you must use contraception.

What can we expect?

The first thing that happens after childbirth is the lochies. It is a mixture of blood and debris from the lining of the uterus. It sounds a lot like the rules, but it isn’t! We tell you more about it in the article available here.

The first period after baby is not the same as what you’re used to. Your period may be heavier. If you are new to Niagara Falls, welcome!

For users of menstrual cups, a size change may be necessary because if you experience an increase in menstrual flow, the capacity of your menstrual cup may no longer be sufficient. Besides, the body changes after childbirth, and so does the vagina ! If you notice leakage but the cup is not full, the menstrual cup is too small and no longer adheres well to the walls of the vagina, which may have distended. For more information on menstrual cup sizes, please consult our size guide.

Cramps may also intensify during this period. We invite you to discover our natural tips that will help you relieve your pain by clicking here.

Beware, however, of the warning signs :

If your periods are really heavy, that is to say, if your sanitary napkin is full in 1 hour, or if you have to change your menstrual cup every hour, it means that the abundance of periods is abnormal. Consult your health care professional to avoid any complications.

Lochies or postpartum bleeding : Can a menstrual cup be used after childbirth?

That’s it, after 9 months of more or less patient waiting, your baby is here with his procession of little joys and insomnia. As your body slowly recovers from pregnancy and childbirth, the post-natal (or post-partum) process usually takes several weeks and this is completely normal. Symptoms of this process include lochia, the blood loss that occurs just after birth. What exactly is it? How long do lochies last? What hygiene measures need to be taken or avoided in order to manage them on a daily basis? When can I use my menstrual cup?

Is it normal to bleed after childbirth?

YES ! This is completely normal, whether you had a vaginal delivery or a Caesarean section. During pregnancy, the uterus grows and thickens as the fetus grows. To schematize, it goes from the size of a pear to that of a big BIG watermelon. In addition to growing, the uterus develops a new organ: the placenta, which will bring nutrients to the fetus, rid it of the waste it produces and secrete hormones. Once the baby is born, about 30 minutes after birth, the uterus contracts to expel the placenta, leaving a sore on the uterine wall. The uterus also begins to shed its inner lining, which is no longer useful after birth. It’s the lochies. They are part of the natural process of post-natal care, during which the uterus will return to its original size in 6 to 8 weeks. So don’t worry!

Postpartum bleeding: what should I expect ?

Postpartum bleeding, or lochia, is a mixture of blood and debris from the lining of the uterus. In fact, at the beginning it looks a lot like rules, even if technically it’s not the same thing :

  • The first 2 to 4 days after birth: the lochies are VERY VERY abundant (think “Niagara Falls”) and bright red in color. There may also be blood clots, but if they are as big as a golf ball, you should seek medical advice.
  • From the 4th day and for one to two weeks : the loss of blood decreases, the lochies become pink, sometimes brown.
  • Around the 12th day postpartum and for 3-4 days: Bleeding regains its intensity, which is due to the drop in pregnancy hormones. However, this has nothing to do with menstruation, because the menstrual cycle has not yet resumed.
  • Up to 6 weeks after delivery : The lochies are light yellow or white. They should smell similar to menstruation.

The lochies can therefore last up to 6 weeks after delivery. If you are breastfeeding, breastfeeding causes the production of oxytocin, a hormone that will cause contractions of the uterus and shorten the time of the lochia. If you have carried twins or triplets, it is possible that your lochies are more abundant and last longer.

Lochies: how to manage them?

Because they look a lot like rules, one may be tempted to use the same things to absorb or collect them : Tampons, pads or menstrual cups. But beware, menstruation and lochies are two very different phenomena, so the precautions to take are not the same!

The cervix and cervical mucus act as a barrier to bacteria in the vagina to prevent them from entering the uterus, which must remain free of bacteria. During childbirth, the cervix dilates to let the baby through, and this reflex is triggered even if the delivery is by caesarean section. It takes several weeks for the cervix to close and during this time it no longer plays its role as a barrier to bacteria as well.

During the time of the lochies, it is therefore important not to insert anything into the vagina, because it is necessary to avoid introducing bacteria that could go up in the uterus.

This unfortunately means that you must avoid bathing, swimming, and penetrative cuddling, and that you cannot use tampons or menstrual cups. So you still have the towels, but not just any towels: the super-absorbent ones-with (sexy!) pantyhose: And yes! They have the advantage of being very absorbent and thick, which will allow you to sit without too much difficulty. The maternity ward will surely provide you with some, but plan a small stock at home.

As far as intimate hygiene is concerned, you don’t need to do a complete intimate wash every time you go to the little corner. Just make do with an intimate cleansing once a day, simply with water or a cleansing gel with the appropriate pH.

Lochies: when to worry?

If your lochies have an unpleasant rotten fish-like odour or if you bleed at an unexpected time, seek medical advice: it may be a sign of an infection of the uterus due to debris from the placenta or a poorly evacuated blood clot. If the bleeding is so heavy that you fill a towel in 1 hour, it’s the same thing: quickly inform your health professional (midwife, gynecologist…) because you risk losing too much blood.

Don’t forget the most important thing: take care of yourself.

You and your body have just gone through the long and (often) trying stages of pregnancy and birth. You have carried a child for 9 months, and now that it is born, the uterus “cleans up” and is slowly recovering from this upheaval. The inevitable stage of lochies is a reminder that it’s important to take this time (and more!) to recover and take care of you and your baby.

Do you have further questions about the daily use of your menstrual cup? Write on social networks or by email to: contact@claripharm.fr